Eating Disorders among Female Adolescents in Jeddah

0

cropped-Arabic-Logo-1.png

borderline-personality-disorder-jeddah-saudi-arabiaeatingdisorder

 

 

The current study highlights the importance of eating disorders screening among adolescents to identify who have disturbed eating attitude and at risk for eating disorders. Further studies are needed either to modify the current instrument or to develop a new culture specific instrument. Development of a community based preventive measures to help adolescent to have health eating attitude and habits is recommended.

 

Dear Readers,

 

Please find below a ground breaking study from Jeddah Saudi Arabia on Eating Disorders among female students in Jeddah. This is very informative study and sheds much needed light on the problems young students face within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

 

Eating Disorders among Female Adolescents in Jeddah

Arwa Fallatah1 , Maram Al-Hemairy 1,HalahAl-Ghamidi 1
Supervisor:  Dr.Wafaan Elarousy 2
 
1 Undergraduate student, College of Nursing, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (CON-J, KSAU-HS).
2 .  Assist. Prof. Pediatric Nursing, CON-J, KSAU-HS and Facultyof Nursing, Alexandria University.
Abstract
Background: Adolescence period defined as a transitional stage that falls between childhood and adulthood. The Nutritional requirements are one of the most important aspects in this stage comparing to all life span due to achieving the optimal level of growth and development.
Adolescents‟ concern about their body weight and shape can lead to disturbed eating behaviors such as starvation, fasting, frequently skipping meals, overeating and binge-eating followed by purging, also using of diet pills, laxatives, diuretics and excessive exercising.
Eating disorder behavior is contributing to some risk factors which include age, genetics, pubertal status, pubertal timing and body mass index as biological factors. In addition, body image dissatisfaction, negative mood states such as depression and stress, low self-esteem and personality traits are contributed to eating disorders as psychological factors. There are also sociocultural factors such as peer pressure and influences by media to conform to an unrealistic standard of thinness, eating disorders in the family and bullying. Physical and sexual abuse considered plays a role in
developing eating disorder. There is no specified study mentioned prevalence rate for eating disorder among female adolescents in Jeddah or any other place in Kingdom Saudi Arabia.
 
Objectives:
The aim of the study is to assess eating disorders among female adolescents of secondary schools in Jeddah.
Methods:
The study was conducted in 3 secondary schools in Jeddah. Cross sectional design was used. Four hundred twenty five female adolescents were recruited using non probability “Quota”
Sampling in order to obtain a representative sample from the 3 levels in the secondary schools.
The Arabic version of a self report Eating Attitude Test 26 questionnaire (EAT-26) was used.
Total score and three subscales (dieting, bulimia, and oral control) are generated and a score of 20 and above indicates the risk for eating disorders.
Results:
The findings of the current study revealed that 32.9% of the entire sample scored of 20 and above using Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26). This indicates that they are at risk for eating disorders. A significant relationship was found between the mean of participants‟ body mass
index and their Eating Attitude total scale and the three subscales (dieting, bulimia, and oral control). Furthermore, a negative significant relationship was found between the mean participants‟ age and their Eating Attitude total scale.
Conclusion and Recommendation:
In conclusion, the current study highlights the importance of
eating disorders screening among adolescents to identify who have disturbed eating attitude and at risk for eating disorders. Further studies are needed either to modify the current instrument or
to develop a new culture specific instrument. Development of a community based preventive measures to help adolescent to have health eating attitude and habits is recommended.
Key words:
Eating disorder, Female adolescents.
Introduction:
Adolescence period defined as a transitional stage that falls between
childhood and adulthood. During this period, adolescents are undergoing of different dramatic changes and development of the physical, emotional and cognitive function. The Nutritional requirements are one of the most important aspects in this stage comparing to all life span due to achieving the optimal level
of growth and development (Chin.Y and Mohod.N, 2009).
It has been reported that irregular meals, snaking, eating
out of homemade and following alternative dietary patterns happened frequently among adolescents (Washi S., Ageib M., 2010).
Unhealthy weight control behavior; such as fasting, vomiting
on purpose after eating, taking diet pills, and use of laxatives can be used. (Gonsalves.D, Hawk.H, Goodenow.C, 2013).
This kind of dieting behaviors may lead to develop a significant eating disorder which defined as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa,
binge-eating disorder (Gonsalves.D, Hawk.H, goodenow.C, 2013 and Coelho.G, Gomes.A, Ribeiro.B, Soaras.E, 2014). Adolescents‟concern about their body weight and shape can lead to disturbed eating behaviors such as starvation, fasting, frequently skipping meals, overeating and binge-eating followed by purging, also using of diet pills, laxatives, and diuretics and excessive exercising.
Eating disorder behavior is contributing to some risk factors which include age, genetics, pubertal status, pubertal timing and body mass index as biological factors. In addition, body image dissatisfaction, negative mood states such as depression and stress,
low self-esteem and personality traits are contributed to eating disorders as psychological factors. There are also socio cultural factors such as peer pressure and influences by media to conform to
an unrealistic standard of thinness, eating disorders in the family and bullying. Physical and sexual abuse considered play a role in developing eating disorder (Coelho.G, Gomes.A, Ribeiro.B, Soaras.E, 2014).
Adolescents with eating disorder have high risk to develop anxiety disorder, cardiovascular symptoms, chronic fatigue and pain, depressive disorder, limitation in activity related to poor health, infectious diseases, insomnia, neurological symptoms, and suicidal attempts in their early adulthood as consequences for the disease (Johnson.J, Cohen.P, Kasen.S, Brook.J, 2002). There is no specified study mentioned prevalence rate for eating disorder among female adolescents in Jeddah or any other place in Kingdom Saudi Arabia so; the current study will assess eating disorders among female adolescents to set a base line data that will be used to build on in the future.
Aim of the Study:
The aim of the current study is to assess eating disorders among female adolescents in secondary schools in Jeddah.
Specific objectives:
1. To describe the prevalence of eating disorders among secondary school female adolescents in Jeddah.
2. To correlate between eating disorders and age, BMI of the participants.
Research Question
What is the prevalence of eating disorders in female adolescents in secondary schools in Jeddah?
Methods:
Study Setting:
This study was conducted at three females secondary school
in Jeddah (the 55th secondary school, the 18 th secondary school and 28th)
Study Subjects/size:
The total sample of 425 female adolescents aged from, 15–18 years participated in the study. Female adolescents who have chronic diseases and those who are pregnant were excluded from the study.
Study Design:
Cross sectional design was used to answer the research question.
“A cross sectional study examines data at one point in time, that
is, data collected on only one occasion with the same subjects rather than with the same subjects at several time points.”(LoBiondo
-Wood and Haber, 2010).
Sampling Technique:
Non probability “Quota” Sampling was used in order to obtain a representative sample from the 3 levels in the secondary schools.
“Quota sampling refers to form  of non-probability sampling in which knowledge about the population of interest is used to build some representative into the sample. A quota sample identifies the
strata of the population and proportionally represents the strata
in the sample”
(LoBiondo-Wood &Harber 2010).

 

Please Download the Full Report  Eating Disorder among Female Students in Jeddah
Share.

About Author

Islam and Eating Disorders founded in 2012 – run by Maha Khan, the blog creates awareness of Eating Disorders in the Muslim world, offers information and support for sufferers and their loved ones.

Leave A Reply